| I have received an outpouring of messages from folks who have wonderful artwork and photographs: I also received a few requests to continue using my own work. So we will alternate days for all the artwork, you will see some of mine and a lot of other folks’ art. |
Please continue to contact me and send or point me in the direction of your artwork. I am thilled at the beautiful art that every member creates!
Also, if you have poetry to contribute, send it and I will see if we can add it to the daily Tao as well. And thanks especially to today's artist, Monica. Kramer is a lovely dog and his eyes show great wisdom!
What is the anatomy of any phase of life? First comes a learning stage full of awkward struggles for mastery. Then comes a phase of testing yourself in competition. Finally, there is gracious retirement from the field, for constant competition is not a lasting way of life.
Competition is always a thorny problem. True, it challenges you to be your very best. Cultivating skill without using it is like learning a foreign language and never leaving your house. If we think of winning all the in the narrow sense of vanquishing others, we fall into a dangerous egotism. Winning can be thought of as attainment. For example, if you learn to swim, that is winning over your ignorance and sloth. If you enter into a meet and win, then that is winning not over others, but achieving your personal best. The other competitors are secondary; it is more important that you know where you stand, that you consolidate your position, and that you look for further achievement. That is true triumph.
Triumph in the right amounts is the greatest tonic to the soul. Triumph carried to extremes corrodes the soul. Once you have had your share of triumphs, know when to get out. Once you have gained the top, renounce competition.
Deng Ming-Dao (author)
archived at http://www.duckdaotsu.org/115/triumph.html
a reading list of books and interpretations of the Daodejing is available at
"I was in the Marine Corps Infantry. I Learned Absolutely Nothing of Value in the Rest of the World.
from november 1 counterpunch
"I was in the Marine Corps Infantry.
I Learned Absolutely Nothing of Value in the Rest of the World."
By RON JACOBS
Last week, military recruiters set up a climbing wall and information
table at Kent State University in Kent, Ohio. The local student antiwar
organization, the Kent State Antiwar Committee (KSAWC), which is part
of the Campus Antiwar Network (CAN), called for a protest against the
presence of the recruiters. To understand what happened next, I will
quote from the KSAWC press release that was published in Counterpunch
and elsewhere after the protest.
IRAQ WAR veteran and Kent State student, Dave Airhart, is under attack
for opposing the war he considers "unjust" and attempting to stop any
more students from being used as "cannon fodder." On October 19, the
Kent State Anti-War Committee (KSAWC) stood around the Army recruiters,
who had brought a rock-climbing wall to entice students over to talk
with them. A member of KSAWC and former Afghanistan and Iraq War
veteran, David Airhart decided to show his opposition against the war
by exercising his rights of free speech. After filling out liability
forms Airhart climbed the rock wall.
Once he reached the top he took out a banner, which he held under his
jacket, and draped it over the wall. The banner read: Kent, Ohio for
Airhart was forced to climb down the back of the wall because a
recruiter was coming up the front, yelling at him. As he was climbing
down another recruiter came up the back and proceeded to assault
Airhart both verbally and physically by pulling his shirt, forcing him
off the wall. Airhart was fined $105. by city police for disorderly
conduct and told that he will have to go to judicial affairs at the
university where he will face probation or expulsion
I contacted David a day or two after he was cited and asked him for an interview. He agreed immediately.
Ron: To begin with, were you surprised at the apparent vehemence of the university's
response to your action?
David: Yes. I figured that they would be more understanding in the fact
that I was using my freedom of speech to illustrate KSWAC's opposition
to the war.
Ron: What is your current status with the university and the Kent authorities?
David: I have paid my fine with the Kent City Police. There is a Judicial Affairs hearing for my case on Nov. 8,
Ron: Have they backed off from their threats to expel you?
David: It is still a possibility that I will be banned from campus indefinitely, or expelled.
Ron: Oh yeah, what are you studying?
David: I am studying cultural anthropology.
Ron: Let's go back to your military service. Why did you join the service in the first place?
David: I watched too many war movies, and I had an overly romanticized view of
what combat might be like.
Ron: What branch were you in and did you have any special training?
David: I was in the Marine Corps Infantry. I learned absolutely nothing
of value in the rest of the world. I learned how to shoot guns and how
to get yelled at a lot.
Ron: Jump school? Medic?
Ron: I see that you served in both Afghanistan and Iraq.
How long were you in both places?
David: I was in Afghanistan for 7 months , starting Christmas day of
2003, and in Iraq for 6 months, starting at the beginning of the war in
Ron: Did you do more than one tour either place?
Ron: What was a typical week like in country?
David: In Iraq: Mostly doing vehicle check points where we would search
vehicles for weapons. We also patrolled cities such as An-Nasiriyah. We
searched homes. We would knock on the door. If nobody answered, we
would break through the door. We would throw all of their stuff around
looking for munitions and stuff to make bombs with.
In Afghanistan: We didn't do much, we just guarded various prisons and
manned watchtowers. I spent most of my time with a psychiatrist at this
time, mostly to get out of doing stuff.
Ron: What was your impression of the Afghani and Iraqi people?
David: Most of the people that I met were really friendly. They seemed
scared, anticipating the worst. The ones I met were cooperative.
Ron: Did it change as you spent more time in their countries?
David: No, not really.
Ron: Now, the big question. What made you decide to oppose the US wars in these countries?
David: Mostly personal reasons. Like the fact that most of the dead
bodies that I saw were women and children, innocent civilians. Also,
most of my friends that were killed were killed by friendly fire from
close air support. It is obvious that there is some hidden agenda
behind Bush's motivation for going to war in Iraq, because they had
nothing to do with the 9-11 attacks, and there were no weapons of mass
destruction. We should know the real reasons that we are fighting and
dying over there. At the very least, we should know that, be it a good
or bad reason, it is important that we know why. If it is that crucial
that it stays a secret, it is probably too crooked to be worth fighting
Ron: Was there any one incident that you were involved in or heard about that
made you decide to speak out?
David: Mostly all the murders of innocent civilians. I guess, the
different fliers and anti-war groups at Kent that appealed to me.
Ron: I'm fifty years old and the name Kent State has a huge emotional
attachment to it, because of the murders that happened there on May 4,
1970. When those students were killed by the National Guard that day I
was living in Frankfurt, Germany. My dad had been stationed there since
March of that year, right after he came back from Vietnam. A bunch of
us students at the high school and junior high on base protested the
whole thing. We were joined by GIs and Germans, who protested the
invasion of Cambodia and the murders at Kent (and later that month at
Jackson State in Mississippi) in their own way. Does the history of
protest at Kent State influence your group's organizing?
David: Absolutely. We feel that since we are at Kent State and have
such a history of anti-war activity, we get a lot of media attention
whenever we have a protest or anti-war action. We try to use that to
our advantage. Unfortunately, the amount of active anti-war protesters
at Kent is very small. So we also try to use the fact that Kent State
has had a reputation for having a major anti-war population, we try to
remind students that if they are against the war, to not be silent
about it. Not only do we have a war to stop, but it would be nice to
know that people are perpetuating this tradition.
Ron: Do you find that people you talk to in your antiwar work listen to
you more than your fellow antiwarriors who have never been in the
service? Why or why not do you think this is?
David: Yes, I think so. I think that anti-war statements have more of
an impact if they come from someone who has been there and actually
seen with their own eyes the horrible things that are going on.
Ron: How do most people that you talk to during your antiwar work
respond? I don't mean the Campus Republicans or other hardcore war
supporters, but just the regular students and townspeople?
David: Unfortunately it seems like most of them are indifferent, more
concerned with personal things. This is frustrating, being that this is
Kent State, and there is a lot of activist that count on Kent State to
be a strong force in the antiwar movement.
Ron: What's next?
David: I'm going to try to keep doing things that help build the
antiwar movement and to get its presence felt to as large of a
population as possible. However, this time we will try to do it in a
way that doesn't put any of our members at risk of being expelled. We
will try to use this incident to show the administration at Kent State
how terrible it is that they allow our campus to be a supplier of fresh
bodies for Bush's war machine. Hopefully they will realize that it is
the administration who is putting us students in danger through
allowing recruiters on campus, not KSAWC. KSAWC is trying to protect
ourselves and the entire campus from being sent to die in an unjust
war. We will continue to do actions that aid in removing military
recruiters from campus.
Ron: And what do you have to say to other folks who might be thinking
about joining the military?
David: If they want, I can kill a couple of their friends and then give
them some money for college, if that is what they really want. At least
that way they wouldn't have to spend four miserable years in an
oppressive organization where they deprive you of most of your rights
and use you for whatever they feel like. I would also point out that
the GI Bill is only $1004 per month. And it is only good for 36 months.
That is the extent of what the military pays for your college. So if
they are joining for college money, there are better and safer routes
to take to afford college. If they are just romantic thrill seeking
warrior types, I'd recommend joining the Iraqi resistance for they are
fighting for a more noble cause.
Thanks, David. Good Luck.
Tell Carol Cartwright, Kent State's President, to back off Dave Airhart:
Ron Jacobs is author of The Way the Wind Blew: a history of the Weather
Underground, which is just republished by Verso. Jacobs' essay on Big
Bill Broonzy is featured in CounterPunch's new collection on music, art
and sex, Serpents in the Garden. He can be reached at:
"The truly educated never graduate."
Harass the Brass!
By Kevin Keating
In “Harass the Brass!” Kevin Keating examines the suppressed history of resistance and rebellion in the ranks of the U.S. military. This essay has been reprinted from The Bad Days Will End, a quarterly bulletin advocating communism — the overthrow of capitalism by the international working class and the creation of a stateless and truly egalitarian society from below. Subscriptions to The Bad Days Will End are $8/year (4 issues), $12 overseas from: Merrymount Publications, P.O. Box 441597, Somerville, MA 02144. email: firstname.lastname@example.org. Additional writings from Kevin Keating can be found at: www.infoshop.org/myep/love_index.html
Is it “Fleet Week” in San Francisco again? Let’s rename ‘Fleet Week’ Mutiny Week!
Introduction:‘Fleet Week’ is an annual event in San Francisco, held over a four or five day period every September. Ships of the US Navy sail into port, and a team of the Navy’s ‘Blue Angels’ stunt fighter aircraft pretends to strafe the city. No wonder they call San Francisco ‘Baghdad-by-the-Bay!’ Thousands of young enlisted people from the visiting ships flood SF’s tourist traps in North Beach and Fisherman’s Wharf. What follows is the latest and longest version of a leaflet distributed to them on three or four occasions since 1985.
A friend who was in the US military during the Persian Gulf War told me that when George Bush visited the troops in Saudi Arabia before the war, many enlisted men and women in Bush’s immediate vicinity had their rifle and pistol ammunition taken away. The bolts were also removed from their rifles. If this was so, it makes it clear that Bush and his corporate handlers may have been afraid of the US enlisted people who Bush would soon be killing in his unsuccessful re-election campaign.
The suppressed history of the Vietnam war shows that the Commander-in-Chief had good reason to fear and distrust the troops. Our rulers want us to forget what happened during the Vietnam war, and they want us to forget what defeated their war effort — and the importance of the resistance to the war by enlisted men and women.
Until 1968 the desertion rate for US troops in Vietnam was lower than in previous wars. But by 1969 the desertion rate had increased fourfold. This wasn’t limited to Southeast Asia; desertion rates among GIs were on the increase world-wide. For soldiers in the combat zone, refusing to obey orders became an important part of avoiding horrible injury or death. As early as mid-1969, an entire company of the 196th Light Infantry Brigade sat down on the battlefield. Later that year, a rifle company from the famed 1st
Air Cavalry Division flatly refused — on CBS TV — to advance down a dangerous trail. In the following 12 months the 1st Air Cav notched up 35 combat refusals.
From mild forms of political protest and disobedience of war orders, the resistance among the ground troops grew into a massive and widespread “quasi-mutiny” by 1970 and 1971. Soldiers went on “search and avoid” missions, intentionally skirting clashes with the Vietnamese and often holding three-day-long pot parties instead of fighting.
By 1970, the Army had 65,643 deserters, roughly the equivalent of four infantry divisions.
In an article published in the Armed Forces Journal (June 7, 1971), Marine Colonel Robert D. Heinl Jr., a veteran combat commander with over 27 years experience in the Marines and author of Soldiers Of The Sea, a definitive history of the Marine Corps, wrote: “Our army that now remains in Vietnam is in a state approaching collapse, with individual units avoiding or having refused combat, murdering their officers and noncommissioned officers...”
Heinl cited a New York Times article which quoted an enlisted man saying, “The American garrisons on the larger bases are virtually disarmed. The lifers have taken our weapons away...there have also been quite a few frag incidents in the battalion.”
“Frag incidents” or “fragging” was soldier slang in Vietnam for the killing of strict, unpopular and aggressive officers and NCO’s. The word apparently originated from enlisted men using fragmentation grenades to off commanders.
Heinl wrote, “Bounties, raised by common subscription in amounts running anywhere from $50 to $1,000, have been widely reported put on the heads of leaders who the privates and SP4s want to rub out.”
Shortly after the costly assault on Hamburger Hill in mid-1969, the GI underground newspaper in Vietnam, GI Says, publicly offered a $10,000 bounty on Lieutenant Colonel Weldon Hunnicutt, the officer who ordered and led the attack.
“The Pentagon has now disclosed that fraggings in 1970 (209 killings) have more than doubled those of the previous year (96 killings). Word of the deaths of officers will bring cheers at troop movies or in bivouacs of certain units.”
Congressional hearings on fraggings held in 1973 estimated that roughly 3% of officer and non-com deaths in Vietnam between 1961 and 1972 were a result of fraggings. But these figures were only for killings committed with grenades, and didn’t include officer deaths from automatic weapons fire, handguns and knifings(!). The Army’s Judge Advocate General’s Corps estimated that only 10% of fragging attempts resulted in anyone going to trial.
In the Americal Division, plagued by poor morale, fraggings during 1971 were estimated to be running around one a week. War equipment was sabotaged and destroyed. By 1972 roughly 300 anti-war and anti-military newspapers, with names like Harass the Brass, All Hands Abandon Ship and Star Spangled Bummer had been put out by enlisted people.
“In Vietnam,” wrote the Ft. Lewis-McCord Free Press, “The Lifers, the Brass, are the true enemy....”
Riots and anti-war demonstrations took place on bases in Asia, Europe and in the United States. By the early 1970s the government had to begin pulling out of the ground war and switching to an “air war” in part because many of the ground troops who were supposed to do the fighting were hamstringing the world’s mightiest military force by their sabotage and resistance.
With the shifting over to an “air war” strategy, the Navy became an important source of resistance to the war. In response to the racism that prevailed inside the Navy, black and white sailors occasionally rebelled together. The most significant of these rebellions took place on board the USS Constellation off Southern California in November 1972. In response to a threat of less-than-honorable discharges against several black sailors, a group of over 100 black and white sailors staged a day-and-a-half long sit-in. Fearful of losing control of his ship at sea to full-scale mutiny, the ship’s commander brought the Constellation back to San Diego.
One hundred thirty-two sailors were allowed to go ashore. They refused orders to reboard the ship several days later, staging a defiant dockside strike on the morning of November 9. In spite of the seriousness of the rebellion, not one of the sailors involved was arrested.
Sabotage was an extremely useful tactic. On May 26, 1970, the USS Anderson was preparing to steam from San Diego to Vietnam. But someone had dropped nuts, bolts and chains down the main gear shaft. A major breakdown occurred, resulting in thousands of dollars worth of damage and a delay of several weeks. Several sailors were charged, but because of a lack of evidence the case was dismissed.
With the escalation of naval involvement in the war the level of sabotage grew. In July of 1972, within the space of three weeks, two of the Navy’s aircraft carriers were put out of commission by sabotage. On July 10, a massive fire swept through the admiral’s quarters and radar center of the USS Forestall, causing over $7 million in damage. This delayed the ship’s deployment for over two months.
In late July, the USS Ranger was docked at Alameda, California. Just days before the ship’s scheduled departure for Vietnam, a paint-scraper and two 12-inch bolts were inserted into the number-four-engine reduction gears causing nearly $1 million in damage and forcing a three-and-a-half month delay in operations for extensive repairs. The sailor charged in the case was acquitted. In other cases, sailors tossed equipment over the sides of ships while at sea.
The House Armed Services Committee summed up the crisis of rebellion in the Navy:
“The US Navy is now confronted with pressures...which, if not controlled, will surely destroy its enviable tradition of discipline. Recent instances of sabotage, riot, willful disobedience of orders, and contempt for authority...are clear-cut symptoms of a dangerous deterioration of discipline.”
Resistance to the war effort by men in uniform was a product of circumstances favorable to revolt. A civilian anti-war movement in the US had emerged on the coat-tails of the civil rights movement, at a time when the pacifism-at-any-price tactics of civil rights leaders had reached their effective limit, and were being questioned by a younger generation of activists. Working class blacks and Latinos served in combat units out of all proportion to their numbers in American society, and major urban riots in Watts, Detroit and Newark had an explosive effect on the consciousness of many of these men. After the assassination of Martin Luther King major riots erupted in 181 US cities; the rulers of the United States were facing the gravest national crisis since the Civil War. And the radical movement of the late 1960’s was an international phenomenon not limited to the US. There was revolt everywhere, even against the Maoists in China; its high point was the wildcat general strike that shut down France in May, 1968, the last time a major industrialized democracy came close to revolution.
The relationship between officers and enlisted people mirrors the relationship between bosses and employees, and similar dynamics of class conflict emerge in the military and civilian versions of the workplace. The military is never a hermetically sealed organization. The armed forces are vulnerable to social forces at work in the larger society that spawns them. Revolt in civilian society bleeds through the fabric of the military into the ranks of enlisted people.
Ten years ago, in an article in Mother Jones magazine, corporate liberal historian and New Leftover Todd Gitlin claimed that the US anti-war movement of the Vietnam period was the most successful opposition to a war in history. Gitlin was dead wrong; as a bourgeois historian Gitlin is paid to get it wrong. The most effective “anti-war” movement in history occurred at the end of World War One, when proletarian revolutions broke out in Russia,
Germany and throughout Central Europe in 1917 and 1918, and a crucial factor in the revolutionary movement of that time was the collapse of the armies and navies of Russia and Germany in full-scale armed mutiny. After several years of war and millions of casualties the soldiers and sailors of opposing nations began to fraternize with each other, turned their guns against their officers and went home to fight against the ruling classes that had sent them into the war. The war ended with a global cycle of mutinies mirroring the social unrest spreading across the capitalist world. The naval bases Kronstadt in Russia and Kiel and Wilhelmshaven in Germany became important centers of revolutionary self-organization and action, and the passing of vast numbers of armed soldiers and sailors to the side of the Soviets allowed the working class to briefly take power in Russia. The French invasion of Revolutionary Russia in 1919 and 1920 was crippled by the mutiny of the French fleet in the Black Sea, centered around the battleships France and the Jean Bart. Mutinies broke out among sailors in the British Navy and in the armies of the British empire in Asia, and even among American troops sent to aid the counter-revolutionary White Army in the Russian Civil War.
Organized revolutionary mutiny doesn’t happen in every war, but it occurs more frequently than military historians generally acknowledge. One of the most significant naval mutinies in history occurred in the Spanish Navy in July 1936, at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War. In response to massive working class unrest, the Spanish military launched a coup d’etat led by Francisco Franco. Franco’s army was to invade Spain from North Africa with the aid of ships of the Spanish Navy. But a majority of Spanish sailors were class-conscious socialists and anarchists, and these men planned a coordinated revolt in response. After several days of ship-board combat the sailors won. This almost broke the back of Franco’s coup attempt. A later study by the Spanish Republican government estimated that 70% of the Naval officer corps was killed in the mutiny.
The crisis that racked American society during the Vietnam war was a grave crisis for what has been a historically very stable society, but it wasn’t profound enough to create an irreparable rupture between the rulers and the ruled, or give rise to a full-fledged revolutionary crisis. The US was still coasting on the relative prosperity of the post-World War Two economic boom. Life wasn’t as bad for as many people as it is now, and that’s why US involvement in a similar protracted ground war, in Colombia or Mexico for example, could have a much more explosive impact on American society in the near future. History shows that a conscript or draftee army is more prey to sedition than an all-volunteer force. This might be one reason that all-volunteer armed forces are becoming the norm for the world’s major industrialized democracies.
It’s an ugly fact that war and revolution were intimately linked in the most far-going social movements of the 20th century. With the US governments’ self-appointed role as the global policeman for capitalist law and order, it ’s likely that the crisis that will be necessary to cause an irreparable break between the rulers and the ruled in the United States will come from a war. It will be a war the US can’t quickly win or walk away from, a war they can’t fight with a proxy army like the Nicaraguan Contras, a war with a devastating impact on the civilian populace of the US: a minimum of 5,000
Americans coming home in plastic bags. Protracted civil unrest or full-scale revolution in Mexico is one situation that could give rise to this. At that point widespread fraternization between anti-capitalist radicals and enlisted people will be crucial in bringing an end to this nightmarish social order.1
An examination of what happened to the US military during the Vietnam War can help us understand the central role the “the military question” will play in a future revolutionary struggle. It isn’t a question of how a chaotic and rebellious civilian populace can out-gun the well-organized, disciplined armies of the capitalist state in pitched battle, but of how this mass movement can cripple the effective fighting capacity of the military, and bring about the collapse and dispersal of the state’s armed forces. What set of circumstances can compel the inchoate discontentment endemic in any wartime army or navy to advance to the level of conscious organized resistance? How fast and how deeply can a subversive consciousness spread among enlisted people? How can rebels in uniform take effective, large-scale action against the military machine? This will involve the sabotage and destruction of sophisticated military technologies, an irreversible breakdown in the chain-of-command, and a terminal demoralization of the officer corps. Circumstances must make it clear to officers that they are fighting a losing war, and that their physical safety can best be guaranteed if they give up, surrender their weapons and run away. The “quasi-mutiny” that helped defeat the US in Vietnam offers a significant precedent for the kind of subversive action revolutionaries will have to help foment in the fight against 21st century capitalism.
As Capital’s global dictatorship causes living conditions to deteriorate for the majority of humanity, working class troops will be given an expanding role in suppressing the rebellions of other working class people. The use of US armed forces during the Los Angeles riots in the spring of 1992 was a taste of the military’s likely future domestic role in maintaining this exploitative social order. But the forces that lead to mass rebellion in one area of the globe will also give rise to rebellions in other parts of the globe; our rulers’ power and their economy can be collapsed from within by the working class women and men whom they depend on.
Information for this article has been taken from the book Soldiers in Revolt, by David Cortright, published by the Institute for Policy Studies, the pamphlet Mutinies by David Lamb, which may be available from AK Press Distribution in San Francisco, and various issues of the Detroit, Michigan anarchist newspaper The Fifth Estate. Information on the Spanish Civil War is taken from The Spanish Revolution: The left and the struggle for power, by Burnett Bolletin.
And the US Army’s Psychological Operations manual is quite useful — find copies of this last one if you can!
Readers should please send copies of this article to any enlisted people they know.
1. A few far-sighted individuals among the U.S. political elite apparently fear that U.S. involvement in a ground war could trigger large-scale domestic unrest.
According to Newsweek magazine, at a meeting in the White House during President Clinton's intervention in the Balkans, a heated exchange took place between Madeleine Albright, then ambassador to the United Nations, and then-National Security Adviser Colin Powell.
Newsweek gives the following confusing and semi-coherent account:
"...Powell steadfastly resisted American involvement. He initially opposed even air drops of food, fearing that these would fail and that U.S. Army ground troops would inevitably be sucked in. His civilian bosses, who suspected him of padding the numbers when asked how many U.S. troops would be required, grew impatient.
At one meeting, Madeleine Albright, then ambassador to the United Nations, famously confronted Powell. "What's the point of having this superb military that you're always talkingabout if we can't use it?" she demanded. In his memoirs, Powell recalled that he told Albright that GI's were "not toy soldiers to be moved around on some sort of global game board."
An official who witnessed the exchange told NEWSWEEK that Powell also said something quite revealing that has not been reported.
"You would see this wonderful society destroyed," the general angrily told Albright.
It was clear, said this official, that Powell was referring to his beloved Army."
("Colin Powell: Behind the Myth," by Evan Thomas and John Berry, Newsweek, March 5th, 2001)
Colin Powell was a junior officer in the fragging-plagued Americal Division during the Vietnam War. On numerous occasions, Powell has said that the US defeat in Vietnam was the main influence on the way he sees the world. Pow ell clearly understands that the armed forces are a function of the larger civilian society that spawns them.
Was Colin Powell speaking about the US Army -- or about US society itself with his comment about seeing "this wonderful society destroyed?" You be the judge!
Reprinted with permission
Updated: November 14, 2002
Oct 31, 2005
A new initiative to train Iraqi women journalists working in local media is under way, and it includes in-studio training in U.S. cities.
The Iraqi Women’s Media Initiative is a new project of the London-based Institute for War and Peace Reporting (IWPR). In its October 20 announcement, IWPR said it has brought three journalists to the U.S. for training on radio shows, with help from some of the most accomplished American talk show hosts.
The program's goal is to improve the journalists' skills on hosting and announcing for radio shows, a widely popular medium in Iraq. The three journalists are: Sahar Al Haydari Hussein, Mosul correspondent for Radio Dijla and main news correspondent for Radio Mosul; Muna Mushin Muhammad, host of Radio Baghdad’s ”Miyat Halla” show; and Awaz Saleem Abdulla, an announcer and program host at Radio Nawa, the new independent national station broadcasting from Sulymaniyah and Baghdad.
IWPR is organizing other activities and events for the group. In New York, the women will meet with Human Rights Watch and the Committee to Protect Journalists, and they will participate in a panel discussion at Columbia University's School of Journalism. In Washington, D.C., the National Press Club will host them at a Newsmaker event on November 1.